At RCCS, different research programmes which aim to advance and help deployment of solid sorbents for different CO2 capture applications are currently undertaken, including: development of alkali-based sorbents for CO2 capture at high temperatures; synthesis of novel hydrotalcite materials for industrial carbon capture; performance evaluation of ordered mesoporous carbons and carbon gels for CO2 capture; sustainable development of activated carbons for biogas upgrading applications; microwave regeneration of adsorbents for CO2 capture applications; and, process integration of high temperature CO2 capture with lithium-based sorbents in power and industrial plants.
CO2 utilisation at RCCS include photocatalytic processes (i.e. materials and devices), where solar energy can be used to drive photocatalytic reactions and produce sustainable fuels or chemicals suitable for use in existing energy infrastructure. We also work on the development of low carbon aviation fuels through electrochemical conversion of CO2 and using renewable energy from waste agricultural and forestry biomass. Other research areas of CO2 utilisation include mineralisation aiming at transforming CO2 from flue gases into solid mineral carbonates, which are stable and can provide permanent and safe storage. Process integration and life-cycle-analysis (LCA) are also developed to investigate the environmental/social/ political/economic valuation of the complete developed processes.